Jewish masculinity changed dramatically in the modern era, going from intellectual to soldier. What was it like for them before and during the Nazi regime? And how did they fight back as the hate machine bore down on them and their families?
Don’t forget to subscribe, rate, and review. Support the show on Patreon at www.patreon.com/btnewberg. Research, writing, editing, and production by B. T. Newberg. Logo Design by Rachel Westhoff. Animation by Maxeem Konrardy. Additional credits, references, and more at www.historyofsexpod.com.
Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale. New York: Anchor, 1986.
Brashler, Karin Lynn. “Mothers for Germany: A Look at the Ideal Woman in Nazi Propaganda.” Thesis. Iowa State University, 2015.
Carney, Amy Beth. “Victory in the Cradle: Fatherhood and the Family Community in the Nazi Schutzstaffel.” Thesis. Florida State University, 2010.
Clark, Anna. Desire: A History of European Sexuality. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Dammann, Martin. Soldier Studies: Cross-dressing in der Wermacht. Berlin: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2018.
“Deutsche jüdische Soldaten” [German Jewish Soldiers]. Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge. Retreived Mar. 15, 2020, from: https://www.volksbund.de/volksbund-volkstrauertag/deutsche-juedische-soldaten.html
Guenther, Irene. Nazi Chic? Fashioning Women in the Third Reich. New York: Berg, 2004.
Gorden, Mel. Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin. Port Townsend, WA: Feral House, 2000.
Gordon, Terri J. “Fascism and the Female Form: Performance Art in the Third Reich.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 11.
Hancock, Eleanor. “Only the Real, the True, the Masculine Held Its Value: Ernst Röhm, Masculinity, and Male Homosexuality.” Journal of the History of Sexuality. Vol. 8, No. 4, Apr. 1998, pp. 616-641.
Huebel, Sebastian. “Stolen Manhood? German-Jewish Masculinities in the Third Reich, 1933-1945.” Thesis. University of British Columbia, 2017.
Kühne, Thomas. “Protean Masculinity, Hegemonic Masculinity: Soldiers in the Third Reich.” Central European History. Vol. 51, 2018, pp. 390-418.
Kühne, Thomas. The Rise and Fall of Comradeship: Hitler’s Soldiers, Male Bonding, and Mass Violence in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: University Printing House, 2017.
Loroff, Nicole. “Gender and Sexuality in Nazi Germany.” Constellations. University of Alberta, 2012.
Marhoefer, Laurie. “Among Abnormals: The Queer Sexual Politics of Germany’s Weimar Republic, 1918-1933.” Thesis. State University of New Jersey, 2008.
Marhoefer, Laurie. “Degeneration, Sexual Freedom, and the Politics of the Weimar Republic, 1918-1933.” German Studies Review. Vol. 34, No. 3, 2011, pp. 529-549.
Marhoefer, Laurie. Sex and the Weimar Republic: German Homosexual Emancipation and the Rise of the Nazis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015.
Michael, Robert, and Rosen, Philip. Dictionary of Antisemitism from the Earliest Times to the Present. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2007.
Milton, Giles. Fascinating Footnotes from History. John Murray Publishers, 2010.
Raphael, Melissa. “Standing at a Demythologized Sinai? Reading Jewish Feminist Theology Through the Critical Lens of Radical Orthodoxy.” In: Ruether, Rosemary Radford and Grau, Mario, Eds. Interpreting the Postmodern: Responses to “Radical Orthodoxy.” New York: T & T Clark International, 1999.
Schneider Hilton, Ella E. Displaced Person: A Girl’s Life in Russia, Germany, and America. Louisiana State University Press, 2004.
Statutory Order of the Leader and Chancellor on the establishment of the Cross of Honour of the German Mother of 16 December 1938. Reich Law Gazette (RGBl) Part I, 1938, No. 224, Page 1923)
Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. Berkely, CA: Seal Press, 2008.
Taber, Jeremy. “Masculine and Jewish? A Critical Theory Critique of Male Flight from the Jewish Community.” The Workmen’s Circle. 2010, Dec. 5. Retreived Mar. 15, 2020, from: https://circle.org/jsource/masculine-jewish-critical-theory-critique-male-flight-jewish-community/
Podcast theme music mixed from “Gregorian Chant”, “Mystery Sax”, and “There It Is” by Kevin MacLeod. Short Shorts theme music mixed from “Gregorian Chant” by Kevin MacLeod and “Short Shorts” by the Royal Teens.
Additional music and audio from “Marching 3” by Freesound.org, “Dzhankoya (Tom na Krymu)” by Létající Rabín Klezmer Ensemble, “Heil Dir Im Siegerkranz” German Imperial National Anthem” from Robert McCauley, and WWI artillery sounds by ?
Gewehr 98 WWI German rifle – wikipedia
Hitler face – Needpix.com
SS Flag – Wikipedia